One, Two , Three… Cheese

Just in time for summer, we have set up some new photo opportunities. While pictures can be taken anywhere in the museum or on the grounds outside, these opportunities give visitors a chance to remember more than the scenery.  We currently have seven photo ops: the winter exhibit, the ever popular stagecoach, the jail cell, the school house, the Hunter House, the You-Load wagon, and the mine cart. The winter exhibit, school house, and jail provide costumes to dress up and get in the mood.   Greeners winterphoto op dunce



In the Hunter House the scene is set for an old fashioned family portrait. Remember: don’t smile.

hh photo op 1greeners hunter 2

The stagecoach, mine cart and You-Load wagon offer opportunities to climb in, hold on, and have fun. We have already had a few people share their pictures on Instagram with our hashtag, #frontierhomestead. kids stagecoach 2While pictures may not take you back in time to live like the pioneers, they can ensure that the memories made will endure for a lifetime.


Frontier Homestead @ Groovefest

The Frontier Homestead Foundation and the Groove Crew will once again partner June 26-27, 2015 to bring the Groovefest Music and Art Festival to Cedar City. The art theme will be Celebrating the Artistry in All Things Handmade. This is the 13th anniversary of GROOVEFEST and promises to be filled with amazing talent, both musically and in the visual arts.  As this combined celebration of art and music evolves, it gets bigger and better each year.   Through a jury process, over 50 artists have been selected to participate in the art festival, displaying and selling all original work.

A portion of the artist booth fees support the Frontier Homestead Museum Foundation in its efforts to assist Frontier Homestead State Park in preserving and presenting Iron County’s history to the public.

ZeetaBath & Body
Christine Frazzitta Zeeta Body

Body Art
Jennifer Bush Mad Hatter Face Painting

Levy River Valley

Ann Nelson Nelson Wool Works
 Sandi Levy  iKnitQuiltSew LLC                                                               Godelio Palomino Ecologic Arts
 Marlene Larsen Marlene’s Quilts
 Kathy Druehl KD’s Darling Designs
  Svetlana Recce  Knits
  Barbara Bisonette  Barbara’s Hemstitch

Fused Glass
John & Betsy Kolb Wizard Stones, LLC

Todd Prince


   Edward Ptak SpiritRocks
   Manalisa Camarena
Don Christensen  DLC Gems, LLC
   Mike & Jamie Dobiesz  DobeZ DesignZ
   Lynn Dalton  Desert Gems Jewelry
   Darrell Olmsted  Stone Seeker
   Susie Prince

Ron Flud  Three Peaks Saddle Co. & Mercantile


Metal Wall/Yard ArtMetal
Andy Mondragon
Jerry Campbell Paragoonah Guitar
  Michael & Sandy Rogers 4 on the Floor
Mixed Media
Tris & Gary Ayers Cactus Tracks Studios
 Brooke Fuller Soda-Licious
 Michelle Barnhart


Marian Irwin Jango Coltrane Publishing
   Savina Francisco  Fantasy Wildlife
   John Terry  John’s Art Design

Brad Carlin B.C. Nature Photography
   Wendy Jensen  WendyJ Photo
Randy & Jean Bjerke Randy * Jean Bjerke Photography
   Bill Kutcher Bill Kutcher Photography

Pottery & Ceramics
   Kathy Vause Kathy’s Garden of Whimsy


Stoneman Meeks
Don Sutton
   Weston Alan Smith One Oak Studio

Cathy Novak Natural Stone

Kirsti Scott Scott Art Studio
   Cory & Mary Ann Grace Chipmunk Corner Crafters
KC DeGroff  Let It Be Written

Joseph Cowlishaw (flutes) WowFlute Designs
Gary Burks (pet products)  Xtreme Pet Products LV
Marie Jaggar (broomcorn)

Next Time: Photo Opps

A Look Into Our Collection: Canning Jars

In 1795, Nicolas Appert invented a process for preserving food cooked in a jar and then sealed to eliminate outside air.  In 1858 John L. Mason patented a screw top closure and a glass jar with a unique shape that allowed the jars to be sealed on the narrow shoulder of the bottle.  Home canning became popular beginning in the early years of WWI and continued through WWII when families were encouraged to grow and preserve their own produce. Preserving the surplus from these “victory” gardens proved a great incentive to do home canning utilizing commercially available glass jars.  Many people still practice this method to preserve their crop for later use. The following are only a few of the jars in our collection:

Ball Mason's Pint Jar

Ball Mason’s Pint Jar


Pint Ball Mason’s Patent November 30, 1858 Canning Jar

Frontier Homestead State Park Collection

Circa 1886-1896

Ball started making jars in 1885 in Buffalo, New York.  Ball moved to Muncie Indiana and started making jars in the new plant in 1888.  Because they acquired molds from different companies, they used the generic Mason’s Patent November 30, 1858 for a few years.  They added “Ball” beginning 1892 to some jars.  The block lettering and the lack of the identifying “Ball” name makes this jar one of the two oldest in the collection.  Note the rubber seal on the shoulder.  It is rare to have the rubber seal still in place. The shoulder and vanishing threads were the features that John Landis Mason patented in 1858.


Drey Ever-Seal Pint Jar

Drey Ever-Seal Pint Jar

Pint Drey Ever Seal Bail Top Canning Jar

Frontier Homestead State Park Collection

Circa 1917-1938

In 1882 Henry Putnam used Charles De Quillford’s patented wire toggle type closure with a glass lid in what is called a “Lightning” closure.  Many companies produced this type of jar and closure over the next few years.  Older jars have a wire going completely around the neck to hold the wire bail assembly.  (Note: During America’s Bicentennial of 1976 many reproductions of the lightning style canning jar were made.  Usually the correct year is embossed on these jars, but some are accurate antique reproductions or knock-offs.



Atlas Strong Shoulder Quart Jar

Atlas Strong Shoulder Quart Jar

Quart Atlas Strong Shoulder Mason Canning Jar

Lois Bulloch Collection

Circa 1902-1964

The Hazel-Atlas company was in business from 1902 to 1964. During 1940s and ’50s, the company was one of the largest producers of canning jars along with competitors Ball and Kerr.  As an innovation when bead seal jars replaced shoulder seal jars, Atlas came up with the Strong Shoulder Mason which has prominent shoulders and heavier glass below the jar neck to prevent the jar from cracking easily.  Cracking on the shoulders was a weakness of the early shoulder seal jars.

Next Time: Groovefest

A Look Into Our Collection: Bottles

Frontier Homestead recently acquired a large collection of glass bottles and canning jars from local Cedar City resident, Lois Bulloch. Over the next two weeks, we are excited to give you a look into the stories these bottles and jars tell. First, some history. Glass bottle production began with hand blown free form bottles, a labor intensive process, with most of the workers being young boys.  In 1904 the automatic bottle making machine, patented by Michael Joseph Owens, allowed for faster, less costly, and more consistent bottle production.

Machine made bottles have very refined vertical seams, identification marks on the bottom, and usually a small circle where the molten glass was automatically cut in the bottle machine.  Modern glass is thin walled and very clear. Antique glass is thicker and may contain bubbles of entrapped air.  Occasionally, older glass is tinted green or blue due to iron impurities, a lack of manganese, or because the tint was thought to be desirable.  Shades of purple and blue glass can be attributed to exposure to sunlight over  time, causing a chemical reaction in the composition of the glass. The following are only a few of the bottles in the collection:


Wine Bottle

Wine Bottle

Wine Bottle

Lois Bulloch Collection

Circa 1865-1920

This wine bottle was mouth blown in a dip mold. A dip mold forms the body of the bottle and produces bottles with slightly narrower bases which expand to larger shoulders, making it easier to get the bottle out of the mold.  The top was free-blown hence the slightly asymmetrical appearance.   Because dip molds are one piece units, there are no vertical mold seams, but there may be seams horizontally around the shoulder where the glass separates from the mold.  Generally no embossing is seen on dip molds.


Chamberlain Medicine Bottle

Chamberlain Medicine Bottle

Chamberlain Medicine Bottle

Lois Bulloch Collection

Circa 1900-1930

This bottle was hand blown into a bottle mold based on the rectangular shape with lots of embossing and the hand finished mouth.  The shape of the mouth this bottle indicates that it was probably fitted with a cork stopper.  The embossing says: “CHAMBERLAINS PAIN BALM, Chamberlain Medicine Co., Des Moines, IA, U.S.A.”  The company also made cough medicine, liniment and colic, cholera and diarrhea medicine.   The company has been in business for well over 100 years continues to make medicines today.


Whiskey Bottle - Post Prohibition

Whiskey Bottle – Post Prohibition

Whiskey Bottle – Post Prohibition

Lois Bulloch Collection

Circa 1932-1964

This bottle is tied to the post prohibition era, after 1932, as indicated by the embossing: “FEDERAL LAW FORBIDS SALE OR RE-USE OF THIS BOTTLE”.  The federal government wanted the revenues of the liquor trade after the repeal of prohibition in 1933 when the 21st Amendment to the Constitution repealed the 18th Amendment (1920).    Along with a requirement to destroy used bottles, marking bottles this way was supposed to keep bootleggers from using bottles that had already been taxed and thus avoiding taxes themselves.  Bootleg alcohol cost half as much as the fully taxed and legal variety so the profits made it worth the risk for these lawbreakers.  Other embossing on this bottle says: “MADE IN GREAT BRITAIN” and on the bottom is the bottle manufacturers mark, year and government registration number.

We have many more bottles for you to see in the museum. Our intrepid museum volunteer, Pete Wilkins has created an informative exhibit highlighting this collection.

Next Time: Jars